home clinic ; repairing bathroom tiles
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Tiles are generally considered maintenance-
While free, tiles will be used almost for a lifetime in most bathrooms, which does not mean they will never need any maintenance.
As many homeowners have discovered, grouting (cement)
The seams that were originally used to fill between tiles may turn black and dirty-
Looking in some places, even crashing.
Also, the seams between the tiles and the top of the bathtub or toilet sink may need to be refilled as some of the original grout has broken. This last-
The work mentioned is probably the most common repair problem in the tile bathroom.
The expansion and shrinkage of the structural materials involved may lead to the rupture of the grouting.
Another possible reason is that when the tub is full of water, it sometimes \"settles\" a little \"--
Again, it causes the crispy pulp to crack from the seam between the tub and the tile.
For whatever reason, the best way to fill this joint with silicone rubber caulking agent is.
This material remains flexible and does not become brittle, so it is unlikely to crack.
In addition, the caulking agent tends to adhere better to clean the surface, so the adhesion on both sides of the joint is better.
The first step in advertising is to scrape off the old mud as much as possible;
Take it all out if possible.
A good tool is a metal beer can opener with sharp points, but a small screwdriver or something like that can also be used.
Just work carefully to avoid scratching the top of the tub or tile.
AD when you finish scraping, clean the gap with a hard brush and dry it with a clean cloth.
Wipe again with a rag containing modified alcohol or paint (
Both solvents are very flammable, so make sure there is no smoking or open fire nearby).
To ensure cleanliness
It looks like the straight line after the completion of the caulking, apply two masking tapes along the length of the seam, as shown in the figure
One on the tile, one on the top of the bathtub or sink.
Place each band on a straight line with an edge of about 1-
4 inch from the corner
This will limit the width of the caulking agent you left after peeling off the tape and leave you a neat, straight bead
Instead of the rough wave-shaped caulking beads that usually occur.
Silicone rubber caulking is a tube squeezed out with an extra long nozzle and after removing the lid you can screw it on separately.
Contrary to what seems most natural, if you push the nozzle of the tube in the same direction as it points in, you get the best result (see drawing)
Instead of pulling it to you
When the compound flows out, by pushing the nozzle away, you pack it more firmly in the joint when you leave.
Also, since the material is rubber-like and tends to stretch, pulling the tube towards you when you squeeze can sometimes cause the material to \"stretch\" and make it harder to be firm and smooth.
Try to move the tube at a steady rate until the seam fills up along its entire length and try not to stop.
When done, gently smooth with your fingertips, but don\'t press hard when you do this
Just press hard to smooth the surface of the compound.
Wait a few hours, then peel the masking tape along each side of the seam and pull it off the corner so as not to pull any compound down with it.
Spread an empty newspaper nearby so that when you loose the tape, you can put it on it.
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When the grouting at the seam of the tile becomes black and dirty-
It seems that this usually means that soap slag is piled up and there may be some mildew.
To remove this, first try to scrub with a sponge and detergent solution.
If there are still stubborn stains, please try again, but apply the detergent on it this time with a sponge and let it soak for a minute or two.
Then use an old toothbrush along the joint, as shown in the figure.
If mildew is suspected or dark stains remain, scrub again with a solution of laundry detergent bleach and water (
One bleach to four portions of water).
Wear rubber gloves to protect your hand and let it dry on the surface before flushing with plenty of water.
Sometimes the grouting in some seams is so bad that it has to be replaced --
For example, when some of these get so dirty that not much cleaning will make it white again, or when the mud starts to break and break.
In this case, the answer is re-grouting.
This means that most of the old material is first scraped out of the seam with a pointed tool, and then new mud is applied.
You can buy grout.
Mix in a paste, or you can buy it in the form of a powder mixed with water for use at any time.
Anyway, after scraping the old mud to at least one depth --
Fourth, apply the new grout with a rubber spatula or spatula on the rubber spatula or spatula sold in most tile shops (
Can also use scraper).
Then wrap it securely in the seam using a damp sponge while wiping all the excess parts of the surface of each tile.
Rinse the sponge in water as needed.
After the advertisement is completed, wipe any grouting film remaining on the surface using a clean sponge or wet cloth, and then repeat again after the grouting has the opportunity to solidify and become partially stiff.
Reply to email Q.
Like many other homeowners, there was water seepage on our basement floor and foundation, so we had to throw away our luggage and other damaged items.
A local waterproof company suggested that we solve the problem with \"French style.
Is this usually a good idea? -S. W.
Springfield, New YorkJ. A .
This involves digging a trench around the walls inside and installing the drain (Perforated Tube)
Grab the water and direct it to the sewage pump for safe disposal outside.
In general, if properly installed, this system does work and helps to solve most of the wet basement problems caused by the overflow of water from the floor or floorto-wall joints.
It reduces stress and provides a safe escape path for water.
Questions about house repairs should be addressed to Bernard Gladstone of The New York Times, 229 West 43d Street, New York. Y. 10036.
This column will answer questions of general interest;
Unpublished letters cannot be answered separately.
A version of this article was printed on page WC11 of the National edition on October 28, 1984, with the title: home clinic;
Repair bathroom tiles